The Linux operating system, with its security, stability, and open-source characteristics, is favored by developers and enterprise users. However, the multitude of Linux distributions often presents a challenge for beginners or those looking to switch systems. Each distribution has its unique features and positioning, and understanding their differences is crucial to choosing a Linux system that meets your needs. This article will introduce you to several mainstream Linux distribution systems to help you make an informed choice.

Red Hat Series: Mainstream Enterprise Linux Distributions

The History and Evolution of Red Hat Linux

Red Hat Linux, as one of the most influential distributions in history, has stood out since its inception in 1994 with advanced features and strong technical support. However, since 2003, Red Hat Inc. changed its strategy, ceased development of the personal version, and focused on the Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) solution for mainstream enterprise Linux distributions.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)

RHEL is currently a leader in the enterprise market, offering high stability and long-term security support. RHEL is suitable for businesses that require stable operation of critical applications. RHEL has multiple versions to accommodate businesses of different sizes and needs, such as Advanced Server (AS), Workstation (WS), and Desktop editions.


The Fedora Project, as Red Hat’s community edition, serves as a testing ground for new technologies, with Red Hat incorporating stable technologies from Fedora into RHEL. Compared to RHEL’s stability and commercial support, Fedora updates more quickly and is more suited to desktop users who like to try new things and need the latest software.

CentOS: A Free Alternative for Enterprises

CentOS, short for Community Enterprise Operating System, is built on the source code of RHEL, with trademarks and copyrighted materials removed, providing a completely free “RHEL clone” to users. CentOS perfectly balances the stability of enterprise applications with the vitality of community support. For users with limited budgets but in need of high reliability, CentOS is an ideal choice.

Ubuntu: The Preferred Friendly Desktop

Ubuntu Linux is known for its user-friendliness and beautiful interface, making it the preferred choice for Linux desktop users. The installation and use of Ubuntu are very straightforward, similar to Windows, making it the best choice for beginners to Linux. Additionally, Ubuntu has excellent hardware support, and many hardware components that are hard to drive on other Linux distributions work well on Ubuntu. Ubuntu is an ideal choice if you wish to enjoy entertainment and leisure in a Linux environment.

How to Choose the Right Linux Distribution for You?

When choosing the right Linux distribution, there are several key factors to consider:

  • Purpose: Do you need a stable server operating system or a user-friendly desktop system? Determining your primary purpose is the first step.
  • Technical support: Enterprise users may need commercial support and services, while individual users may rely more on community support.
  • Software packages and updates: Do you need the latest software packages and frequent updates? Or do you prioritize system stability and security?
  • Hardware compatibility: Confirm the level of support the distribution has for your existing hardware.
  • Cost: Budget is an important factor in the decision-making process, and free distributions are an attractive option for budget-conscious users.