Linux, as an open-source operating system, has a wide user base worldwide due to its security, stability, and high customizability. Whether you are a tech enthusiast, an enterprise user, or a beginner, this article will guide you on how to download, install, and switch Linux servers, helping you take the first step in exploring the world of Linux.

Choosing an Installation Method

Before starting the Linux installation, you first need to determine the installation method that suits your needs. Here are several popular installation options:

  • Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL): For Windows users, WSL provides a convenient way to run a Linux environment within Windows. By using the simple installation command wsl --install, you can quickly launch an Ubuntu distribution.
  • Virtual Machine (VM): If you want to run Linux on a cloud or local machine, whether you’re using Windows or macOS, you can achieve this by creating a VM.
  • Bare Metal Linux: If you intend to run Linux as the sole operating system, you can choose bare metal installation. You will need to create a bootable USB drive to perform the installation.

How to switch Linux servers? Each method has its advantages and specific steps, which we will explain in detail below.

Choosing a Linux Distribution

Different versions of Linux are called “distributions” or “distros.” The choice of which distribution to use depends on your specific needs:

  • CentOS: Suitable for server environments that require stability without additional costs.
  • Ubuntu Server: User-friendly with a large community support.
  • Debian: Known for its stability and security.
  • Fedora Server: Suitable for users who need the latest technologies and features.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server: Provides enterprise-level support and services.

Is Installing a Linux Server Difficult?

Is installing a Linux server difficult? It’s not difficult, and there are several ways to do it:

Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL)

  1. Open PowerShell on your Windows server and run it as an administrator.
  2. Enter the command wsl --install to install the default Ubuntu Server, or use wsl --install -d <DistributionName> to install a specific distribution.
  3. After the installation is complete, restart the server.

Installing Linux Server in a Virtual Machine

  • Create a VM in the Cloud:
    1. Create an account with Azure or another cloud service provider.
    2. Follow the guidelines of the cloud service platform to create a VM.
    3. Complete the installation using the installation wizard for the chosen distribution.
  • Create a VM Locally:
    1. Choose and install virtualization software such as Hyper-V, VirtualBox, or VMware.
    2. Download the ISO file of the selected distribution and create a VM in the virtualization software.
    3. Start the VM and install the distribution through the ISO file.

Bare Metal Installation

  1. Choose and download the ISO file of the desired distribution.
  2. Create a bootable USB installation media.
  3. Set up the server to boot from USB and follow the installation wizard to proceed with the installation.